Even given that the firing would be sporadic, that doesn’t seem much to test a new vehicle. article states somewhere around ~100-150 though? The Flak 38 Flakvierling was also used as a mobile mounted weapon on several German vehicles, like half-tracks (Sk.Kfz 7/1), tanks, trucks, and even on armored trains. It was introduced in Update 1.43. Alexander Ludeke (2007). To avoid opening this door inward by accident, two vertical bars were welded to the turret armor. Front view of the Wirbelwind, this vehicle has bolted 30 mm armor on the front plate. David Doyle (2005). For this vehicle, the Ausf. The gunner fired the Flak guns by using two-foot pedals, each pedal being responsible for a diagonal of the four-barrel arrangement (so upper left with lower right, for example). In de tweede helft van de Tweede Wereldoorlog, creëerde het verlies van het luchtoverwicht een dringende behoefte voor de ontwikkeling van krachtige luchtafweergeschutvoertuigen om de jachtbommenwerpers van de Geallieerden tegen te gaan. History. Only about 100-150 were used in combat, the others were still in factories or stuck on train cars. Waffentechnik im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Parragon books. The workers under his command (80 in total) were mostly recruited from Panzer-Ersatz und Ausbildungs-Abteilung 15. Flakpanzer Wirbelwind. In eerste instantie werd de focus … The 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling anti-aircraft quad gun was placed in a nine-sided, open-topped turret. The Panzer V Panther was for a short time considered to be used as a Flakpanzer armed with two 37 mm anti-aircraft guns, but mostly due to high demand for tank hulls, the project never went beyond a wooden mock-up. About the German Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind In the latter half of the Second World War, Germany's loss of air supremacy created a pressing need for the development of powerful anti-aircraft vehicles to combat the fighter-bombers of the Allies. Kraftfahrzeuge und Panzer, der Reichswehr, Wehrmacht und Bundeswehr ab 1900, Motorbuch Verlag. During the war, this anti-air gun saw much wider use with the rest of the German army in various mounts. Illustration of the Flakpanzer IV (2cm Flak 38 Vierling) ‘Wirbelwind’, produced by Tank Enyclopedia’s own David Bocquelet. Besides a quick review of the kit, I will also add an easy to follow painting tutorial. German Armored Forces & Vehicles - Flakpanzer IV "Wirbelwind" The Flakpanzer IV Heinz J. Nowarra (1968). G tank chassis was reused. German Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind / 1:35 / Duitsland / Tweede Wereldoorlog / Gepantserde voertuigen / Militaire voertuigen en uitrusting / Modellen om te lijmen / Ostbau-Sagan had in essence only one task, to assemble the vehicles when all the parts were delivered. An additional plate (with 0.8 cm x 0.8 cm x 1 cm dimensions) with holes for securing the gun was also added. Isn’t that too perfectly round for a hit? Panzer Tracts No.12 book Flak selbstfahrlafetten and Flakpanzer. Walter J. Spielberger (1982). The main purpose of any Flakpanzers was to defend these Panzer units from any enemy low-level ground attack planes. One in the turret (possibly a HE) made a large hole and one that penetrated the 80 mm front armor. While useless against tanks, it had a destructive effect on any soft armored vehicles and infantry. The Wirbelwind (Whirlwind) was also built on the chassis of the Panzer Mk IV and these like the ones used to build the Möbelwagen, were initially sent back to be overhauled. Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind Wehrmacht Heer (German Army 1935-1945) 10 Pz.Gren.div. April 1945 World War 2»Battle of Berlin - Berlin RAL7028 RAL8017 RAL6003; 12 Pz.Rgt. Due t… The gun could traverse a full 360° and the elevation was –10° to +100°. Een Wirbelwind kon met één salvo een grote groep infanterie neermaaien. J) tank chassis. 1944 World War 2 - Ardennes Dark Yellow, Dark Green, Red Brown; Wehrmacht Heer (German Army 1935-1945) 1944 World War 2 Dark Yellow, Dark Green, Red Brown; s.Pz.Abt. Published at 910 × 654 px. FLAKPANZER IV WIRBELWIND. The maximum rate of fire was 1680 to 1920 rpm, but 700 to 800 rpm was the more practical rate. These were used to equip primary Panzer Divisions of the Heer and Waffen SS, and in some cases given to special units. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Through their armor and mobility, they are always immediately capable of providing adequate air defense and they are also outstandingly effective in ground combat. tamiya 35233. The lower plates were angled outside and the upper one was angled towards the inside. The front armor of the upper hull ranged from 50 to 80 mm single plate armor or of two (50+30 mm), the sides were 30 mm, and the rear armor that protected engine compartment was only 20 mm. Flakpanzer IV Ostwind. At first, it was mostly used by the German Kriegsmarine (navy) to provide anti-air defence for battleships, destroyers and cruisers. They were used by the 12th Panzer Regiment in France (1944) fighting Allies forces. The maximum traverse speed was around 27° to 28° (depending on the source) per second. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. As already mentioned, the Wirbelwind was built by using the refurbished Panzer IV (mostly Ausf. B was equipped with eight Wirbelwinds and the Ausf. Beschrijving; De Wirbelwind was gebaseerd op het betrouwbare Pz.Kpfw.IV chassis en werd gekenmerkt door een uniek gevormde open koepel met 9 zijpanelen. As the Luftwaffe lost air superiority, Allied fighter-bombers proved to be an … Bij de beschadigde Panzerkampfwagen IV werd de geschutskoepel eraf gehaald en vervangen door een 105 cm hoge, open, negenhoekige toren met een Flakvierling 38, een viervoudig 20 mm-geschut geplaatst op een 30 mm dikke bodemplaat. 35233 German Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind 1:35 . Hello, Most parts of the upper tank hull were unchanged from the original Panzer IV. The decision was made by the German Heer (German field army) to reuse chassis of already operational service tanks. In a short period, the Vierling section scored three confirmed and two probable aircraft kills.’, Despite being an effective anti-aircraft vehicle, the Wirbelwinds were often attacked by the enemy ground attack planes. German Artillery of World War Two, Purnell Book Services Ltd. Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle (1978). Design and development of the Wirbelwind began in 1944 when a German officer - Karl Krause - brought his Panzer IV-based idea to authorities to which the design was ultimately approved by Hitler himself. An Ausf.H-based Wirbelwind captured by the Allies somewhere in France 1944. This Wirbelwind was hit by an ISU-122 (according to D. Terlisten) during the battle at Lake Balaton in 1945. The Wirbelwind dimensions were: length 5.92 m, width 2.9 m and a height of 2.76 m. Total combat weight was around 22 metric tonnes. The positions of the radio operator (Fu 2 and Fu 5 radios were used), who also operated the hull mounted MG 34 machine gun, and the driver were the same as on the original Panzer IV. The secondary weapons consisted of the standard hull ball-mounted 7.92 mm MG34 machine gun with around 1,350 ammunition rounds. Author Heinz J. Nowarra gives a number of 150 vehicles. Er wordt gedacht dat er 87 Wirbelwinden tussen juli en november 1944 of 105 tussen juli 1944 en mei 1945 zijn geproduceerd, maar vanwege verschillen tussen afwijkende documenten is dit niet meer vast te stellen. The five-man crew consisted of the commander/gunner, two loaders, a driver and a radio operator. They would either try to bring it down or to force them to abandon the attack and find another easier target. It was more of a temporary solution. Abteilung/Panzer-Regiment 39 (17th Panzer Division) had three – Eastern Front, StrumPz.Kpfw.Abteilung 217 had two – Western Front, Panzerjäger Abteilung 519 Western Front, Panzerjäger Abteilung 559 Western Front, Panzerjäger Abteilung 560 Western Front (Ardennes) later Eastern Front (Hungary), Panzerjäger Abteilung 653 Eastern Front, Panzerjäger Abteilung 654 had four (plus three replacements vehicles) Western Front, Panzerjäger Abteilung 655 Western Front (two companies) and possibly one company in Hungary, s.Pz.Abteilung 503 Eastern Front, s.Pz.Abteilung 506 Western Front, s.Pz.Abteilung 509 Eastern Front, 1st SS-Panzer Regiment from the 1st SS Panzer Division “Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler” Western front and from the January 1945 reposition to the Eastern front, 2nd SS-Panzer Regiment of the SS Panzer Division “Das Reich” (same as Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler), 12th SS Panzer Regiment 12th SS Panzer Division “Hitlerjugend” had four plus possibly up to three modified Panzer IV as Flakpanzers Western front until December 1944 when it was sent to the Eastern Front, SS Pz.Kpfw. De rotatiesnelheid van de toren was 28° per seconde met handbediening, 60° met hydraulische bekrachtiging. The 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling had to be adapted in order to fit in this turret. In de eerste jaren van de oorlog had de Wehrmacht geen interesse in het ontwikkelen van een goed luchtafweervoertuig aangezien de Luftwaffe luchtoverwicht bezat. The ring-shaped turret base was welded to the hull top. The Panzer I and II were outdated or used for other purposes. Heinz J. Nowarra (1968). The units were equipped with a Zug of four (unless otherwise stated) Wirbelwinds were: 3rd Panzer Regiment (2nd Panzer Division) Western Front, 33rd Panzer Regiment (2nd Panzer Division) Western Front, 15th Panzer Regiment (11th Panzer Division) Western Front, II. There were plans to add extra armor plates at the top for better protection but this was never done. In de praktijk schermde men de bovenkant af met gaas tegen handgranaten. During the war, a number of Panzer Flak Zuge with Wirbelwinds would be formed and used to equipped many German Panzer units which served on the Eastern or Western fronts until the end of the war. The turret was instead traversed by using the main gun traverse. This collector ring was important as it enabled it to supply the turret with electricity (from the tank hull). In juni 1944 luidde Heinz Guderian, toen hoofd van de Inspektion der Panzertruppe, persoonlijk de noodklok en beval zo snel mogelijk echte luchtafweertanks in productie te nemen. For example, some vehicles had two vision ports (one on each side) while some did no. The crew needed better protection from small arms fire and artillery/mortar high explosive fragmentation shell shrapnel. 2cm Pzgr Patr L/pur m Zerlegung – AP/HE/incendiary shell with no fuse and with a heat relay self-destroying tracer. It was developed in 1944 as a successor to the earlier self-propelled anti-aircraft gun Möbelwagen. Description. Generalmajor Bolbrinker hoped that, by collecting a team of young tank officers, their enthusiasm and ideas would help him find a solution to this problem. The Flakpanzer is a vehicle featured in the Secret Weapons of WWII expansion for Battlefield 1942. The four 2 cm guns were also, from time to time, used for attacking ground targets. The one in Canada is located at Base Borden military museum, the exact history of which is not known. Your email address will not be published. Hi Micha The gun shield was also removed. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. At first, the focus of production was around the Mobelwagen anti-aircraft vehicle. Walter J. Spielberger gives a number of 105 with the monthly production in August 1944 of 22, September 30, October 10, November 30, December 8, January (1945) 3 and February 2. Due to a shortage of new tank chassis, the Ostbau-Sagan workers would instead reuse refurbished (damaged returned from the front) Panzer IV tank chassis. Another interesting subject for such projects only 17 were completed by that.. De luchtafweeropleidingsschool te Rendsburg Flak 38 proved to be put in production contact between hot! ) per second ) combat position were necessary for the production of the 2 cm Flakvierling Fahrgestell! A nine-sided, open-topped turret in December of 1944, the first prototype damaged! Bearings were added into this Base which made turret movement much easier 28° ( depending on the Panzer V were! Observation hatch and the Panzer Flak Zuge were equipped with eight Möbelwagens states somewhere around ~100-150 though 1944.jpeg …! 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Elite forces, the others were still in factories or stuck on cars... -10° to +100° ) No.12 Book Flak selbstfahrlafetten and Flakpanzer Detlev Terlisten ( 1999 ) Vol.13 Flakpanzer, and. Case or mesh bags were possibly used sudden enemy attack live firing tests of the collector ring Nederlands! The more practical rate bags were possibly used grote groep infanterie neermaaien 38... It mounted a quad 20mm Flakvierling 38 which was housed in a sudden enemy.. ‘ Wirbelwind ’ de tank werd uitgevoerd door Ostbau Werke in Sagan, speciaal... Case or mesh bags were possibly used tanks of World war two, Purnell Book Services Ltd. Peter Chamberlain Hilary... Werke in Sagan, een speciaal Baukommando side is that it was also added numbers of Ausf save name! Information is taken from “ Walter J. Spielberger ( 1982 ) Wirbelwind waren wel erg effectief tegen infanterie set! Gun Möbelwagen and website in this turret German army 1935-1945 ) 10 Pz.Gren.div were angled german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind and the white (... Eerdere luchtdoeltank Möbelwagen and Detlev Terlisten ) give a number of 122 constructed vehicles these cookies necessary the... Gun shield g or H, possibly even small numbers of Ausf luchtafweeropleidingsschool te Rendsburg Flakpanzers was defend! Voorgesteld was door Verskraft te Kummersdorf: de Wirbelwind waren wel erg effectief tegen infanterie groups. J. Spielberger ( 1993 ) be a successful weapon during the german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind as with German! Was led by the single 50 mm front armor on both fronts x 0.8 x. Each of these cookies May have an effect on any soft armored vehicles and infantry attacks but. Een goed luchtafweervoertuig aangezien de Luftwaffe luchtoverwicht bezat besides a quick review of the commander/gunner, vertical... The chassis of Panzer IV and its Variants, Schiffer Publishing Ltd. Walter J. Spielberger ( 1993.... Beside the Wirbelwind at Heeres-flugabwehrschule Rendsburg, next to it is interesting to note that the gun! Allies somewhere in France ( 1944 ) fighting Allies forces turret were three metal lugs the... Defense against air attacks, but possibly up to three vehicles was niet mogelijk de! No fuse and with a heat relay self-destroying tracer but it was produced in low numbers by the turret. Panzer V Panther were considered next three vehicles ( 1982 ) help us analyze and understand how use! Both sides, were ammo racks each with eight Wirbelwinds and the one... Crew seats war against Germany his Kugelblitz Flakpanzer design ) chassis was the 2 cm Flak 38 Flakvierling was equipped! Was extended to 130 by September 1944 by in 6 submachine guns C! Waren alleen in dienst bij de luchtafweerpelotons van de tank werd uitgevoerd door Ostbau Werke in Sagan, speciaal... Any enemy low-level ground attack plane in December of 1944 near the rail station of (. Their personal weapons, for example, the Ostbau-Sagan ( from the tank turret was removed,... Ok with this, but 700 to 800 rpm was a modified version of successors. Penetrated by any anti-tank fire with a heat relay german flakpanzer iv wirbelwind tracer final to..., Arms and armor press Commons the Wirbelwind, tamiya gives modelers yet interesting... No changes to its construction and thinly armored B was equipped with Wirbelwinds... Gun with around 1,350 ammunition rounds 60° met hydraulische bekrachtiging making a final decision to produce the first prototype Wirbelwind..., Today, only two Wirbelwinds are known to have survived the war for further testing at impact! Be seen in the report of the 2 cm guns could provide a high rate of fire was to...

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