This was an exchange for their cultivation of royal or noble land. Court cases were ruled by a local council of elders called a kenbet. Pharaoh, or the nobles they worked for, provided them with food and clothing. Each of the cities were assigned a prefect/mayor whose job was to provide for the necessities of the Egyptian citizens. The process of mummification was very expensive and only the Pharaohs and a few favorites could afford it. Soldiers protected the kingdom from military threats. At the bottom of ancient Egypt's social structure were the slaves. Nobles ruled the regions of Egypt (Nomes). Throughout Egypt, we can see that Ancient Egypt was an advanced civilization. Egyptian society was structured like a pyramid. They were responsible for making local laws and keeping order in their region. They spent their time conducting rituals and ceremonies, in pharaoh’s name, in temples to keep the gods happy. The vizier also ran the pharaoh’s household and ensured the royal family’s safety. Under the pharaoh is the priests and nobles and then under them there was the traders, artisans,shopkeepers,and scribes. Egyptian social classes had some porous borders but they were largely fixed and clearly delineated, not unlike the medieval feudal system. Ancient Egyptian Food: Dining Like a Pharoah, Ancient Egypt Timeline: From the Pre-Dynastic to the Late Periods, Ancient Egyptian Houses: Domiciles From Pharaohs to Farmers, California – Do not sell my personal information. Class Structure The class structure of Ancient Egypt consisted of many social classes. Farmers grew the food that supported the entire kingdom. Merchants sold the goods made by craftsmen and doctors treated injuries. S/he had to maintain the army to defend the country from outside threats and internal difficulties. Underneath him were Egypt's social elite, the nobles, who effectively governed Egypt for the pharaoh. Present their creative projects to the class. The middle class made craft items for the other classes and sold them. Ancient Egypt was run by a government, just like any city today. The social class was depending on your richness and what you could do with the resources you had. Ancient Egpyt job specialization was the pharaoh was the leader and appointed other officials that received direct orders from the king also known as the pharaoh. Slaves could be found in the households of the Pharaoh and nobles, working in mines and quarries and also in temples. Students build the social class structure of Ancient Egypt and create pyramids. Women could work in some of the crafts, such as weaving. The Pharaoh owned all the land in Egypt but he could gift land to other people as gifts or to award them. The vizier was the pharaoh’s second-in-command and sometimes served as High Priest of Amun-Ra. The ancient Egyptian people were grouped in a hierarchical system with the Pharaoh at the top and farmers and slaves at the bottom. 4. Nobles were the only group, beside the royal family, who could hold a government office. Craftsmen often worked in workshops with other artisans of the same type. The ancient Egyptian people were grouped in a hierarchical system with the Pharaoh at the top and farmers and slaves at the bottom. He oversaw the political administration and all official documents had to have his seal on them. Why are the social classes of ancient Egypt described by the shape of a pyramid? At times, they also oversaw the lowest classes when they built the pyramids. The people held the pharaoh responsible for their well-being. Second sons would often join the army because they gained wealth. D. Many structures of that design were built in the desert. Tags: Question 2 . 20 seconds . Social classes in ancient Egypt. b='info' function escramble(){ The people expected the pharaoh to keep the gods happy so the Nile would flood and there would be a good harvest. Clearly, the groups of people nearest the top of society were the richest and most powerful. Many second sons, including those of the Pharaoh often chose to join the army. Slaves were prisoners-of-war who worked in houses, mines or quarries. Social Classes The process of mummification was arranged differently for the different social classes of Egypt. Although not common, one could eventually move up through the social classes in Ancient Egypt. They also mined and quarried stone and precious materials. social classes The social classes of ancient egypt What is Ancient Egypt's Social Classes? Scientists like pyramids. } The ancient Egyptians recorded things such as how much food was produced at harvest time, how many soldiers were in the army, numbers of workers and the number of gifts given to the Gods. Farmers were the most important part of the society because they raised the food that fed ancient Egypt. b+='ancient-egypt-online.com' Soldiers were responsible for the defense of the country. None of the records found to date say that slave labor built the pyramids of Giza, despite myths claiming they did. function clearText(thefield){ It was his/her duty to make the law and maintain order in the Kingdom. Social class in Ancient Egypt was not only a description of how people lived but also how they were views after death. about ancient Egyptian social classes/occupations. } 5. The social structure of ancient Egypt can be sorted into a social pyramid. Lower down were the educated professional classes, such … The people looked to the pharaoh to ensure their well-being and when s/he did not live up to this expectation s/he had less power. if (f) d=f Servants worked in the homes of the higher levels of society cleaning, making food, and completing other tasks. The Egyptian law actually stated how the vizier had to act; else d=b They could get booty from battles and the pharaoh might reward them with land for their service. In the social pyramid of ancient Egypt the pharaoh and those associated with divinity were at the top, and servants and slaves made up the bottom. 1429 Words 6 Pages. Social class is one of the most hotly contested categories in the study of society (compare race).For ancient Egypt the heat of the issue may be diffused by the vocabulary of structure and self-perception: in what ways does a society divide itself into separate segments, and how does it perceive its own internal divisions? //--> Ancient Egypt had a municipal lifestyle, meaning that the civilization was locally governed. Over time, the royal family left government positions, leaving the nobles to fill them. They ruled the nomes (regions of Egypt), made local laws and maintained order. The Pharaoh which was usually a single person, was the government official and was considered a god to his people. Sitemap - Privacy policy, Priests and nobles (who serve as lesser government officials), Soldiers and scribes (who write down important events and calculate taxes). © Maia C - Relief of an Ancient Egypt nobleman. Division of classes according to roles in the Egyptian Social Pyrami At the bottom of the Egyptian social pyramid, we have the workers, farmers and soldiers. The levels of the pyramid could shift and individual tiers were more powerful at different times. Each class is very different, and each class is used to benefit the Egyptian society. Egyptians believed that the gods controlled the … At the top of the social pyramid was the pharaoh with the government officials, nobles and priests below him/her. The triangle represented the three seasons of the Nile. Most people at bottom, fewest people at the top. Slaves were usually prisoners captured in war. The ruling elite formed the top of the hierarchy and the commoners at the bottom. Slaves worked in the homes of the nobles, in the royal palace and in the temples. Egyptian burial rites were extremely unique and give an in-sight as to how social class affected all aspects of life in Ancient Egypt. © Charlie Phillips - Seated Scribe statuette. The population of ancient Egypt was divided into groups of people with different jobs and responsibilities to society. The royal family made up the original members of the government, the highest position of which was the vizier. Starting at the top, is the pharaoh, then the officials and priests, next the scribes, then the craftsmen, the merchants and farmers, and lastly the slaves. The Pharaoh was the ultimate authority in Egypt. Craftsmen or artisans included carpenters, jewelers, metalworkers, painters, potters, sculptors, stone carvers and weavers. Site created in November 2000. click here for our comprehensive guide to Ancient Egypt. The three elite classes consisted of the royal family, priests and priestesses, and wealthy nobility. 3. The ancient Egyptians were grouped into various social classes. He was responsible for making laws and keeping order, ensuring that Egypt was not attacked or invaded by enemies and for keeping the Gods happy so that the Nile flooded and there was a good harvest. This social pyramid shows the levels of each social class in terms of importance. Peasants were the fifth tier of society with slaves making up the lowest social class. f='Contact' Social class is something that is observed at but mentioned in different context. Though after the creation of the standing army, ancient Egyptian soldiers were more well-off than the workers and farmers. The middle class consisted of craftsmen, merchants and other skilled workers such as doctors. Some farmers rented land from nobles and had to pay a percentage of their crop as their rent. A historian of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey, he is a publisher of popular history, a podcaster, and online course creator. Each person had to pay taxes to support the government. social classes in ancient egypt In this landmark work, one of the world’s most renowned Egyptologists tells the epic story of this great civilization, from its birth as the first nation-state to its final absorption into the Roman Empire—three thousand years of wild drama, bold spectacle, and unforgettable characters. The Pharaoh was believed to be a God on earth and had the most power. Pharaohs had pyramids built. Priests were responsible for keeping the Gods happy. C. Scientist like to use a pyramid to keep the layers apart. Society was highly polarised and the disparity between the rich and the poor was quite evident. Social Classes Before 1570 BCE Before 1570 BCE the social structure of Egypt consisted of five basic classes. At first, the pharaoh appointed all government positions but soon they became hereditary. The fourth class consisted of scribes, officials, and artisans. A. Ancient Egyptians lived around the Nile River. Scribes recorded the events of the kingdom. They had absolute power over their subjects. B. Social class affected all aspects of life in Ancient Egypt, from the moment they were born all the way until they were buried. Scribes also kept records of the number of soldiers in the army and the number of workers on construction sites. Pharaoh appointed the priests during early periods but later the posts became hereditary. Groups of craftsmen often worked together in workshops. The ancient Egyptian social hierarchy placed the Pharaoh at the top and the farmers and slaves at the bottom. © Maia C - Relief of an Ancient Egyptian peasants. if (thefield.defaultValue==thefield.value) © Tim Dawson - Relief depicting soldiers at Medinet Habu, The Middle Class: Craftsmen and Merchants. This article is part of our larger selection of posts about Egypt in the ancient world. a='