Sanding between coats is always necessary when using finishes such as varnish, shellac, lacquer. Lacquers  might penetrate through a paper backed veneer to the glue layer. I think one misconception is that you have to strip and sand a piece down to bare wood before you can re-stain it. Apologies for the delayed response. Apply light, even coats that go in the direction of the grain. Using A Paint Scraper. To get the best out of staining your veneer, be sure to sand it carefully and thoroughly. Shellac is an alcohol based finish that goes on easy and dries rapidly. 1 Sand the surface of the oak veneer by hand with a folded piece of 180-grit sandpaper to remove loose fibers and rough spots. You want it to be higher than the existing veneer so you have room to sand, but try not to overfill it too much. Since the veneer is very thin, you want to sand as little as possible. (You can visit Renovated Faith’s YouTube channel here). For the purposes of this article, we will stick to wax, penetrating finishes, shellac, lacquer, water based polyurethane varnish, and petroleum based polyurethane varnish. The filaments of the steel wool should be at a right angle to the wood grain. Getting a good finish using Shellac, varnish, or lacquer is tricky. Great news, most veneer is thick enough to stain. (If it does lift, you can usually iron it back down.) If it is laminate, you will get scatches only, else if it is veneer, you are able to sand down the surface vanish/lacquer. You want to be very careful not to sand through the veneer, so don’t sand … Veneered furniture can be refinished like other wood furniture, as long as the veneer is not too thin, and you take care not to remove too much of the veneer when removing the old finish. Do some testing ahead of time. I love two tone MCM furniture. The final coat can be brushed on, but you will get the best results if you spray the final coat using an aerosol spray can. Sanding usually isn't necessary when using stains, waxes and oil finishes. I hope this post answers your question can you stain wood veneer, and walks you through the process. Let me tell you, this stuff has a really strong smell. Veneer furniture is a thin layer of real wood. The surface should be sanded smooth and free of scratches and defects. The cut of the wood (plainsawn, quartersawn, rotary sliced veneer) can make a difference in how the stain takes, as can the moisture content of the wood. Apply Gel Stain. When applying a finish, always sand between coats. If you are using contact cement for your glue, this could loosen the contact cement. Too much liquid can loosen the adhesive under some veneers. A Rundown on Veneer Sanding. It will probably take several applications, and you risk lifting the veneer. Sometimes that is necessary, but if you … You can make a jig to run a router in so that you get a perfect rectangle hole just deep enough to fit a new piece of veneer or you can route deeper and make your own solid wood shin to glue in. Is there any way I can get this to take a stain, short of sanding off all the veneer and re-veneering it — something I have never done before? Veneer is a thin covering of fine wood that’s often applied to thicker wood pieces. Difference Between Laminate Wood Veneer … Some people use a fine steel wool pad. But those veneer ply layers can make sanding a bit tricky. This warning does not apply to Woodworker’s glue (eg. Let dry between coats. You may hear it called “java gel” or other names, but gel stains are made by several brands (including General Finishes and Minwax), and Java is only one of many, many of beautiful colors. You can lightly sand between gel stwin coats, just make sure you sand I. This is a step by step tutorial teaching you how to stain a veneer table top. I shared the makeover of a Mid Century Modern Credenza last week where I used General Finishes Gel Stain over the existing finish on the piece and wanted to share how I did that.. Second: Water based polyurethane varnish. The easiest stains to use are the oil based stains and the solvent based stains and that’s what we will talk about here. Buff if necessary. Most lacquers use lacquer thinner as the solvent. You’re not alone. Staining veneer furniture is so easy and it’s a great alternative to painting! Next, apply a coat of stain to the wood veneer using a rag. The object is to get a smooth surface that is free of scratches and flaws before you apply the next coat of finish. It’s challenging to find the right size and glue it perfectly. This warning does not apply to shellac finishes or to varnish finishes. I am fairly certain the top portion is veneer. To darken it up and make it match the rest of the veneer, use Gel Stain in the closest color. – Roger. Before you can refinish veneer cabinets, you must strip off the old finish. Take a seat, grab something warm to drink & stay a while. … Make sure to clean all that dust off your furniture before you paint or stain. I don't believe that you can stain engineered wood. Sanding will also help open up the pores of the wood so that they can absorb stain better. You can apply a stain to your wood veneer if you want to, but you don’t have to. Laminate is very smooth and shiny so you MUST sand or the paint and the gel stain won’t stick. After that, apply the wood conditioner, then the stain and finally apply the finish. Sometimes entire pieces of veneer come off. Sand between coats. Do you have to prime wood before stain? Read on. You can finish sand your work with a 140 grit or above. Read more…. If I lightly sand it, will it accept stain? Luckily I got this whole thing sanded in about a half hour. Check out this post where I paint the rest of this veneer buffet table in a fun, mustard color! A good all around number to start with is 100 grit. Shellac gives off some fumes. Let dry for a minute or two. My veneer had some lifting on the edges. The direction of your paint strokes and rough up your sandpaper so avoid scratching the gel. Do neutralize before you sand down the raised grain - you … Getting a good finish using wax, stain, penetrating finishes and oil finishes is pretty easy. I always start off lifting the veneer at the corners. Sand between coats. Let the stained surface dry for 24 hours before applying a finish. Penetrating finishes will probably penetrate through a paper backed veneer to the glue layer. However, keep in mind that if you sand too much, you are going to lose the color and protective nature of the layer of stain that you just put on. You … You will need to apply at least 3 coats of penetrating finish to the veneered surface at first. Make sure you sand evenly and get the finish off. I have the staining stuff and the clear coat bit I need to know if I can sand it down. You can lightly sand between gel stwin coats, just make sure you sand I. The clean up is with water, there are little to no fumes, and you can work in a closed area. One option to repair it is to find a piece of matching veneer, cut it to size and glue it on. Community Experts online right now. Avoid flooding wood with stain. My advice is to paint it with chalk paint. Take care not to remove too much material as veneer is not too thick. Finishing Wood Veneers: Surface Preparation, Note:  When using a brush, don't skimp! You may hear it called “java gel” or other names, but gel … Penetrating finishes go by different names, such as tung oil, penetrating oil, penetrating finish, teak oil, etc. For information on staining fake wood laminate, read this post. The table is made of engineered wood with a "birch" veneer (I have this in quotations, because I'm not sure if the veneer is even wood.) Its important to pay particular attention to the finishing process. The gold bands are original to the piano, so unfortunately I can’t tell you much about adding those. It is not a job for the feint of heart, and will likely never look perfect. Apply light, even coats, using brush strokes that go in the direction of the grain. I shared the makeover of a Mid Century Modern Credenza last week where I used General Finishes Gel Stain over the existing finish on the piece and wanted to share how I did that.. First is your idea of sanding down to the substrate and applying veneer. Can I take a sander to it to refinish it? It is impossible to address all of the different types of finishes that can be used to finish a wood veneered surface. Veneer can be … In those cases, hand sanding or extremely careful orbital pad sanding can remove the surface stain and gloss coat, then it can be restained and clear-coated from there - assuming you want pretty much the same or darker color stain. However, wax finishes give very little protection and successive coats of wax must be applied on a regular basis, Getting a good finish using wax, stain, penetrating finishes and oil finishes is pretty easy. The best way to stain bathroom floor cabinets is to first sand the wood. Make sure you … In your case with maple ply, wiping stain would be a challenge no matter how you first apply it due to the blotchy and uneven way maple talks a stain. When you work with plywood, cutting into the wood can cause issues like tear-outs, and splinters. Open your can of gel stain… Note: most of the veneers sold on this website are pre sanded at our factory and you may not need to do any additional sanding. In my post How to Gel Stain Furniture, I give you step-by-step instructions on how to re-stain furniture without having to use a furniture stripper and minimal sanding. It is the ability to sand the surface that determines whether you can remove the existing finish. This tutorial only works on real wood veneer. Handling of the material and storage for long periods of time can result in a loss of finish .You can either use an electronic finishing sander or hand sand … Work in a well ventilated area with low humidity and a temperature of 55 degrees F or higher. Veneer is thin, and sanding too deep can ruin it. Staining and finishing wood veneers. Apply light, even coats that go in the direction of the grain. Work in a low humidity environment and a temperature of at least 55 degrees F.  Apply the first few coats with a brush. Sanding is a good technique if there is a thicker layer of varnish or clear sealant over the veneer, and sanding away the top layers of veneer can also remove a stain. Ask Your Question Fast! Gel stain is a very popular option for reviving wood pieces. You can see the wood is still kind of tinted a darkish color. I bought a coffee table for $10 the other day and it is fairly old, no deep scratches but your typical nicks, wear, and scuff marks that make it look horrendous. A lacquer finish may have even been applied. Laminate is very smooth and shiny so you MUST sand or the paint and the gel stain won’t stick. I think one misconception is that you have to strip and sand a piece down to bare wood before you can re-stain it. Wipe off. You can spray without wiping dyes or top coats tinted with dye. The stripper is used for removing the finish and stain – the sanding is just to smooth the any scratches. It’s especially nice to work with because of its consistency and coverage. How to Gel Stain Laminate Furniture (Yes you can)! Be aware that steel wool leaves small shards metal on the surface. It isn't real wood underneath and would not take stain … Ask for FREE. Regardless of the finish, the wood veneer surface must clean and free of dirt, dust and contaminants. Pour the stain onto the rag and wipe it on with the direction of the grain. It is usually necessary to apply at least 3 coats of finish (shellac, lacquer, varnish, etc.). A really good glue to use is Titebond Cold Press Veneer Glueand apply it on … After you stain the veneer, you want to protect it! Apply light, even coats, using brush strokes that go in the direction of the grain. Paint on the Gel Stain with an artists brush. Always let the finish dry completely before sanding between coats. Sand in the direction of the grain ("with" the grain). Second: Water based polyurethane varnish. Your email address will not be published. Getting a good finish using Shellac, varnish, or lacquer is tricky. I decided to stain the drawers and paint the body to match the dresser in my room. Staining Wood Veneer. After you let it sit, scrape off the stripper in the direction of the grain. The question is: Can you refinish it by sanding and staining it? Use a fine or very fine grit for sanding. For sanding between coats of Minwax stain which is water-based, you should use a 180 grit sandpaper. Veneer has been very popular in different eras, and some of my favorite furniture styles are often veneer. There are at least two other options that I will mention. This warning does not apply to Woodworker’s glue (eg. Some stains are available as a finish and a stain all in one. Rob Johnstone: What I have for you is not good news. You can stain any oak veneer in minutes using a soft cloth. Make sure you sand the wood well before applying stain. Do you snatch it up, or pass? Paint the first coat of stain or paint onto the wood with a good-quality brush. You don’t have to use a stain if you don’t want to. It is best to sand very lightly, using very fine sandpaper like 220 grit. I fill the missing veneer with wood filler, let that dry and then sand smooth. However, gel stripper will workk it you keep it away from the glue and don't let it soak in too long. Not only does this keep it out of the landfill, but it can be a fun and enjoyable practice. Simplified veneer finishing methods and professional secrets revealed! It’s especially nice to work with because of its consistency and coverage. If you do oxalic, you'll probably need to strip off the finish coat you put on. Veneer is a thin covering of fine wood that’s often applied to thicker wood pieces. To counteract this, you can sand a bit. You can repair damaged veneer. Use a. Finishing wood veneer with wax is easy and you get a good looking surface quickly and easily. The water-based stain can raise the grain, and you can do light sanding for a better finish. 2. If you want to stain the wood lighter or if the wood has a lacquered finish, you will need to strip or sand away the original finish. I suspect it is glue that has seeped up into the bottom layer of veneer. It gives a durable finish to your wood veneer that resists stains, abrasion, water marks, and some chemicals. It is the ability to sand the surface that determines whether you can remove the existing finish. It is important to remove all of the residue, especially when using a water based finish that will cause the metal shards to rust. Apply the wax with a clean rag, let sit for a minute, wipe off. If your existing veneer is SECURE all over and you give it a good sanding, your new veneer should adhere just fine. Required fields are marked *. You can stain any oak veneer in minutes using a soft cloth. I’m Leah – Furniture Upcycler, Budget Decor Enthusiast and lover of all things DIY. Though the main surface of veneers do not stain, scratches can develop that can … In fact, you can even sand and stain veneer furniture if you want to give it an updated look. Lower numbers are coarser than higher numbers. A rule of thumb: Two or three coats at first. In those cases, hand sanding or extremely careful orbital pad sanding can remove the surface stain and gloss coat, then it can be restained and clear-coated from there - assuming you want pretty much the … If you want to stain over an existing stain on wood, choose a shade that is darker than the original stain. We opened all of the windows in the area – since I was staining in place. Let dry between coats. Start with a 100 grit and increase to higher and higher grits until your surface is smooth to the touch and free of scratches and imperfections. The final coat can be brushed on, but you will get best results if you spray the final coat using an aerosol spray. Make sure you sand the wood well before applying stain. Protecting Veneer Furniture Although veneers tend to be less expensive that solid wood options, some of the most famous names in furniture, such as Hepplewhite and Chippendale, used veneer to create truly unique and beautiful works of art. Sand the veneered furniture with 120-grit sandpaper just enough to rough up the wood surface. This post contains a few affiliate links to help you … Wood stains usually darken the wood more than you expect. Use a high quality brush when applying finish. Wipe the penetrating finish on with a rag, let stand for a minute or two. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Re-Veneer the Entire Top ‘Patch’ Veneer the Sand-Through Area; Tile the Top; Decoupage The Top; Just Paint Over It [box] Older pieces of furniture have a standard veneer that is approximately 1/16″ to 1/20″ thick. Today’s veneers can be as thin as 1/28″ to 1/40″. You can use the sponge as needed. Many woodworkers will apply decorative veneer to furniture pieces to give them a more refined, attractive look. Apply at least 3 coats of Lacquer to the veneered surface. Note:  When using a brush, don't skimp! Apply Gel Stain. Penetrating finishes offer a quick and easy method of finishing wood veneers, but they provide limited service and durablility. I use Minwax Wipe on Poly with a lint free rag. When using stains, wax, penetrating finishes or oil finishes, you may need to apply more than 1 coat. Sometimes you will use a rag, such as when you apply a stain. Sand between coats. You will need to let the stain dry for about 48 hours before you can varnish it. If I lightly sand it, will it accept stain? Don’t use a power sander. A 100 grit would probably equate to “medium”. Penetrating finishes are petroleum based. Then once glue is dry you can sand it down flush. Of course! Titebond, Elmer’s,etc) or to the 3M peel and stick veneers or to the wood backed veneers. The one drawback to water based polyurethane is that it doesn’t give the luster or patina that a petroleum based polyurethane varnish gives. Laminate wood veneer how to paint how to paint and stain laminate chic refinishing a wood veneer table how to gel stain fake wood furniture. Use a dull putty knife to remove old stain and 000 steel wool. NOTE: Because wood veneer is actuallyreal wood (and often has a beautiful wood grain), you CAN stain and varnish it! However, wax finishes give very little protection and successive coats of wax must be applied on a regular basis, forever. I would seal the surface with one coat of shellac (dewaxed only – Seal Coat), before varnishing or using polyurethane, this will prevent the varnish or urethane from re-wetting or lifting the stain … We opened all of the windows in the area – since I was staining in place. Use the same process described  above. When you apply a stain or a finish to a raw wooden surface, you must first get the surface  smooth and free of scratches or flaws. The process for applying stain is the same as staining any other wood. Minor differences in the wood can be a factor also. Titebond, Elmer’s,etc) or to the 3M peel and stick veneers or to the wood backed veneers. Sandpaper comes in different grits. *You cannot skip sanding when you stain. You can use the sponge as needed. If your veneer doesn’t need repair, move on to the next step! Make sure you sand evenly and get the finish off. It’s usually only a few minutes because the stain is harder to remove once dried. I’ll more likely stain the veneer and find a way to hide the damaged veneer — behind sheet-music holders, for instance. This will be a lil messy! Any scratches will be enhanced by stain. Lightly sand the laminate with 150 grit sandpaper. Finishing wood veneer with wax is easy and you get a good looking surface quickly and easily. Spraying stain is mostly an alternative to ragging or brushing prior to wipe down. If one coat of stain doesn’t darken the wood enough, apply a second coat. We’ve got three young kids so we’re always looking for ways to work efficiently. One way to mitigate the penetration of a lacquer finish is to apply a coat or two of shellac first, then finish off the process with lacquer. Lacquer imparts a deep, rich finish that is serviceable, but with limited durability. You stain and finish wood veneers exactly the same way that you stain and finish real wood. Why in the world would you stain a piano?! However, keep in mind that if you sand too much, you are going to lose the color and protective nature of the layer of stain that you just put on. On the other hand, it is surprising how much sanding a veneered surface can take. It can peel, crack or warp. If you are using contact cement for your glue, this could loosen the contact cement. Sanding between coats may not be necessary. If you had to add wood filler, it may have not stained properly. based polyurethane varnish. I left the stain … Wood (in this case wood veneer) absorbs stain, so if your piece isn’t sanded evenly it won’t absorb evenly. Open your can of gel stain. When using stains, wax, penetrating finishes or oil finishes, you may need to apply more than 1 coat. If you have a piece of furniture that is still in great working shape, but looks terrible, wood veneers are a great way to spruce up a piece of furniture. For a darker look, you can do multiple layers of stain and sand lightly in between the coats, which are not a must. You will usually stain or finish your wood veneer after it is glued down, but you can apply your stain or finish before gluing if you choose. Wood stains change the tone or color of the wood veneer. Pressed wood furniture is composed of particle board finished with a veneer to give it the appearance of solid wood. 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