Upon completion, Euston will have 24 National Rail platforms, not including those on the London Underground's Northern and Victoria lines. [249], The Government notes that one-third of the carbon footprint from constructing Phase One results from tunnelling, the amount of which has been increased following requests from local residents to mitigate the impact of the railway on habitats and its visual impact. In January 2020, HS2 bailiffs began to evict the site after HS2 has exercised the right to compulsory purchase the land from Hillingdon council, which had not been prepared to sell the land otherwise. [168] It has been reported that these longer trains would have approximately 1,100 seats with Andrew McNaughton, technical director of HS2, stating "family areas will alleviate the stress of parents worried that their children are annoying other passengers who are maybe trying to work. [22] On 15 April 2020, formal approval was given to construction companies to start work on the project. It will run roughly parallel to the A413 road and the London to Aylesbury Line, to the west of Wendover. A high-speed link will also be provided to the existing West Coast Main Line (WCML) just north of Lichfield in Staffordshire, which will provide services to the North West of England and Scotland in advance of later phases. The protesters claimed that fresh water aquifer would be affected by HS2 construction works and this would impact London's water supply. Oakervee's review in 2019 estimated the project would cost between £80.7 billion and £88.7 billion. HS2 will pass through Staffordshire and Cheshire. Frankfurt to Cologne High Speed Line: the first line in Germany built for exclusive passenger high-speed transport, extending 177km of which 43.8km of double track slip-form track, with a design speed of 300 km/h. [89][90] The AirRail Link people mover already operates between Birmingham International station and the airport. [165] HS2 Ltd's report assumed a GC structure gauge for passenger capacity estimations,[166] with a maximum design speed of 400 kilometres per hour (250 mph). East of Birmingham the Phase 1 line branches at Coleshill progressing northeast roughly parallel to the M42 motorway, progressing north between Derby and Nottingham. [237], The Woodland Trust states that 108 ancient woodlands will be damaged due to HS2, 33 sites of Special Scientific Interest will be affected and 21 designated nature reserves will be destroyed. [246] The 2007 government white paper "Delivering a Sustainable Railway" stated trains that travel at a speed of 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph) used 90% more energy than at 200 kilometres per hour (125 mph);[247] which would result in carbon emissions for a London to Edinburgh journey of approximately 14 kilograms (31 lb) per passenger for high-speed rail compared to 7 kilograms (15 lb) per passenger for conventional rail; air travel emits 26 kilograms (57 lb) per passenger for the same journey. High-speed rail arrived in the United Kingdom with the opening in 2003 of the first part of High Speed 1, then known as the 67-mile-long (108 km) Channel Tunnel Rail Link between London and the Channel Tunnel. After continuing through to Old Oak Common underground station, trains proceed through a second 8-mile (13 km) tunnel emerging to the surface at its northwestern portal. The east–west trans-Pennine line would provide a high speed link between northern cities such as Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Sheffield, Newcastle and Hull, with connections to HS2. [133] Their concerns are based on the East Midlands Parkway railway station that was recently constructed on the Midland Main Line south of Derby and Nottingham, close to the proposed HS2 site in Toton, which is failing to reach its passenger targets by a substantial margin. [256] The statutory blight regime would apply to any route confirmed for a new high-speed line following the public consultations, which took place between 2011 and January 2013. [210] This is despite the WCML upgrade on some sections of the track, which was completed in 2008, lengthened trains and an assumption that plans to upgrade the route with cab signalling would be realised. [225] In June 2020, it organised a "Rebel Trail" with Extinction Rebellion, which was a protest march of 125 miles from Birmingham to London, stopping at camps in Warwickshire, Buckinghamshire and London. [162] The line will be used intensively, with up to 15 trains per hour travelling to and from Euston. [253], Since the announcement of Phase 1, the government has had plans to create an overall 'Y shaped' line with termini in Manchester and Leeds. [226] Groups such as the Wildlife Trusts and the National Trust oppose the project based on concerns about destruction of local biodiversity. A protest camp was established at Harvil Road in the Colne Valley Regional Park in 2017, by environmental activists intending to protect the wildlife habitats of bats and owls. [4], Following a review by the Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition,[5] a route was opened to public consultation in December 2010,[6][7] based on a Y-shaped route from London to Birmingham with branches to Leeds and Manchester, as originally put forward by the previous Labour government,[8] with alterations designed to minimise the visual, noise, and other environmental impacts of the line. Signalling will be based on the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) with in-cab signalling in order to resolve the visibility issues associated with lineside signals at speeds over 200 kilometres per hour (125 mph). The paper addressed the particular problem of designing trains to continental European standards, which use taller and wider rolling stock, requiring a larger structure gauge than the rail network in Great Britain. A people mover with a capacity of over 2,100 passengers per hour in each direction will connect it to the National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham Airport, and the existing Birmingham International railway station. Therefore, work on the Eastern Leg of Phase 2b has been paused.[50]. [3] In February 2020 a leaked report from Oakervee suggested the cost could rise to £106 billion. [247], The High Speed Rail Command Paper published in March 2010 stated that the project was likely to be roughly carbon neutral. [159] Paul Chapman, in charge of HS2's public relations strategy, suggested that there could be last minute tickets sold at discount rates. [39], The line from Birmingham northeast bound incorporates the proposed East Midlands Hub located at Toton between Derby and Nottingham. During the clearance of woodland along the route in early 2020, the group HS2 Rebellion squatted on a site in the Colne Valley aiming to block construction; the protesters argued that public money would be more suited to supporting the National Health Service during the COVID-19 pandemic. [14], HS2 is officially supported by the Labour Party, Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats. [196] Over sixty years, the line was estimated to provide £92.2 billion of net benefits and £43.6 billion in new revenue; as a result, the benefit–cost ratio of the project was then estimated to be 2.30; that is, it is projected to provide £2.30 of benefits for every £1 spent. Some redesign of HS2 would be needed to link into HS3. [234] The government has announced that trees planted to create a visual barrier will reduce noise pollution. ", "Adonis in all-party talks on high-speed rail link", "Conclusions and recommendations – conclusions and the way ahead", "High Speed Rail: Oral statement by: The Rt Hon Philip Hammond MP", "Review of HS1 to HS2 Connection Final Report", "Plan of the route connecting HS2 to HS1 showing which map covers which area – drawing number HS2-ARP-00-DR-RW-05140", "HS2 plans 'threaten jobs' in Camden's markets", "London mayor Boris Johnson calls for tunnel to link HS2 at Euston to St Pancras", "High Speed Rail (London – West Midlands) Bill", "Review of HS2-HS1 connectivity and rail links to the Continent", "High Speed North – National Infrastructure Commission", "Budget 2016: HS3 and wider M62 announced", "Progress of High Speed Two examined – News from Parliament", "HS2 needs rethinking, says Lords Committee – News from Parliament", "HS2 Euston station design development released", "Five things we already know about Crossrail 2's Euston-St. Pancras mega-station | CityMetric", "Planning permission granted for Britain's largest new-build railway station", "High Speed Two Phase One Information Paper H2: Birmingham Interchange Station", "East Birmingham to Solihull Metro Extension – Midland Metro Alliance", "Up, Up and Away – Birmingham Airport spreads its wings as powerful driver of growth and jobs", "First HS2 station approved: Grimshaw's Curzon Street plans waved though", "The first half of the new concourse at Birmingham New Street station will open on 28 April 2013", "High Speed Two Information Paper H4: Birmingham Curzon Street Station", "Outrage at demolition of landmark city centre pub", "Birmingham Eastside Metro Extension – Midland Metro Alliance", "Birmingham City University wants £30m refund after high speed rail hits campus plan", "HS2 begins search for contractors to build Curzon Street station", "Notice of land preparation works – Curzon Street Station site", "HS2 route: Manchester and Liverpool win while Sheffield loses out", "Stoke-on-Trent 'ignored' under HS2 rail route plans", "Route section HSM09 plan and profile sheet 2 of 2 – drawing number HS2-MSG-WCM-ZZ-DT-RT-60902", "UPDATE: HS2 in Crewe by 2027 – chairman backs Crewe hub station plan (From Crewe Guardian)", "HS2 Birmingham to Crewe link planned to open six years early", "Route section HSM28 plan and profile sheet 5 of 9 – drawing number HS2-MSG-MA0-ZZ-DR-RT-52805", "Council chiefs lobby ministers for TWO high speed rail stations", "Manchester Airport may be high-speed rail network hub", "High Speed Two Phase 2b Crewe to Manchester Route Engineering Report: 4.2 Manchester Airport High Speed Station", "This is how Manchester Airport's HS2 station could look", "How will HS2 change journey times to and from London? [105] The HS2 line will be linked to the West Coast Main Line via a grade-separated junction just south of Crewe, enabling "classic compatible" trains exiting the high-speed line to call at the existing Crewe station. Phase 1 will create a new high-speed line between London and Birmingham, and Phase 2 will create two branches north from Birmingham on either side of the Pennines. As part of the HS2 project, Euston will be remodelled to integrate with the current classic rail station, and improved connections to Euston Square tube station, which serves the Circle, Hammersmith & City, and Metropolitan lines will be provided. [56] In June 2019, HS2 Ltd published revised plans to access Liverpool via High Legh in Cheshire, with passive provision for two junctions to allow Northern Powerhouse Rail (NPR) services to use portions of HS2 track to access Warrington and Manchester, and for HS2 services to use NPR infrastructure to access central Liverpool. [86] Old Oak Common railway station will also be connected, via out of station interchange, with London Overground stations at Old Oak Common Lane on the North London line and Hythe Road on the West London line. High-speed trains will be capable of accessing some destinations using the existing slower speed high-speed tracks, using a mixture of higher speed of over 186 mph (300 km/h) and lower speed 125 mph (200 km/h) classic tracks. The Department for Transport initially estimated the cost of first 190-kilometre (120 mi) section, from London to Birmingham, at between £15.8 and £17.4 billion,[191] and the entire Y-shaped 540-kilometre (335 mi) network between £30.9 and £36 billion,[192][191] not including the Manchester Airport station which would be locally funded. [70][71][72][73], Camden London Borough Council raised concerns about the impact on housing, Camden Market and other local businesses from construction work and bridge widening. It will be built to a European structure gauge (as was HS1) and will conform to European Union technical standards for interoperability for high-speed rail. The western section of the "Y" route extends north from Lichfield connecting to the northbound conventional WCML at Bamfurlong south of Wigan taking services to Scotland, with a branch to the existing Manchester Piccadilly station. London Euston – Liverpool Lime Street and. [214] Additionally, if the new line were connected to the Great Western Main Line (GWML) and Crossrail, it would provide links with East and West London and the Thames Valley. [177][178], The estimated cost of power for running HS2 trains on the high-speed network is estimated to be £3.90/km for 200 m trains and £5.00/km for 260m trains. [245], The 2006 Eddington Report cautioned against the common argument of modal shift from aviation to high-speed rail as a carbon-emissions benefit since only 1.2% of UK carbon emissions are due to domestic commercial aviation, and since rail transport energy efficiency is reduced as speed increases. [223][224], Stop HS2 was set up in 2010 to co-ordinate local opposition and campaign on the national level against HS2. Innovative technologies to optimize asset performance ensure UK’s HS1 line is the most reliable railway in Europe and a model of more sustainable transport. The civil aspect of the construction of Phase 1 is worth roughly £6.6 billion with preparation including over 8,000 boreholes for ground investigation. [220][221] At the local government level, eighteen councils affected by the planned route set up the 51M group, named for the cost of HS2 for each individual constituency in £millions. In January 2017, the government published eight possible sites across South Yorkshire and the City of Wakefield for the parkway station; by December 2017, three possible sites were still being assessed, with Higgins requesting that local government leaders reach a consensus on the final site. [251] HS2 Ltd set up 25 community forums along Phase 1 in March 2012. The Phase 1 line is 176 kilometres (109 mi) long[28] and the journey will be achieved in 49 minutes.[29][1]. This part of the station housed the parcels depot which had previously been disused after parcel traffic had shifted to road.[144][145]. In November 2015, the then Chancellor, George Osborne, announced that the HS2 line would be extended to Crewe by 2027, reducing journey times from London to Crewe by 35 minutes. SIEMENS: Speaking to Railway Gazette at the Railtex show in Birmingham on May 15, Siemens Mobility’s Director of Control Systems Mike Lewis said that he expects the company to start commissioning its dynamic route setting system at its Derby site next month. [228][229] The government announced in January 2011 that two million trees would be planted along sections of the route to mitigate the visual impact. Like what you've read? In July 2020, work was completed on a 17 m high headwall that will allow tunnelling to commence in early 2021. Fair enough, it's not integrated by high speed rail as such (unless you count Cologne in that), but I'm really referring to the need for cities to integrate with one transport network regardless of whether it's high speed or not. This spur means Chesterfield gains a HS2 classic compatible service, which was not in the initial plan. The High Speed 2 project (HS2) aims to slash journey times between the capital and Birmingham, which supporters say would give Britain the kind of fast rail services enjoyed by other major countries. [155][156] The new franchise will run for the first five years of HS2's operation. [84] Euston will also be better connected with HS1's terminus at St Pancras, including a proposed station on Crossrail 2 under the British Library. [66] It was recommended by a Parliamentary select committee on HS2 in November 2011 that a statutory clause should be in the bill that will guarantee HS2 being constructed beyond Birmingham. High-speed rail proposals for vaccine distribution in the UK. At Lichfield HS2 also connects to the West Coast Main Line. [157][158], The government has stated that it would "assume a fares structure in line with that of the existing railway", and HS2 should attract sufficient passengers to not have to charge premium fares. [100][101] The proposed Eastside development will now include a new museum quarter, with the original station building becoming a new museum of photography, fronting on to a new Curzon Square, which will also be home to Ikon 2, a museum of contemporary art. HS2 is proposed to serve a new station named the East Midlands Hub located at Toton sidings in Long Eaton. [98] The West Midlands Metro will be extended to serve the station. [254] Consultations with those affected were set up over late 2012 and January 2013, to allow homeowners to express their concerns within their local community. [203] However, the DfT disputes this and maintains that the budget is £98 billion. [51], In February 2016, Liverpool City Council offered £2 billion towards funding a direct HS2 line into the city centre. "Green transport schemes not only help areas to build back better but bring long-term environmental benefits too," he said. NIC reports sets out five options for rail investment in the Midlands and north High-speed rail is not new in the UK – HS1, connecting London to Kent with Hitachi’s high-speed trains, celebrated its tenth anniversary last year. [151] Activists including Swampy were evicted from treehouses in October 2020. According to the report, “significant gains” in carbon reduction have been seen in countries with high speed rail, such as Spain where it is key to travel between cities. Construction will be part-funded by private investment from the Manchester Airports Group. A reduction of 0:36 when compared to Long Eaton. [87], The Old Oak and Park Royal Development Corporation (OPDC) approved planning permission for the UK's largest new-build railway station at Old Oak Common in May 2020. This has cast doubt on its likelihood to be completed[123], During a House of Lords debate in November 2020 the Government confirmed that Phase 2a and 2b would be separate legislation[124], The route is currently proposed to continue from the airport into Manchester city centre via a 7.5-mile (12.1 km) twin bore branch tunnel under the dense urban districts of south Manchester before surfacing at Ardwick. [138], It has yet to be confirmed if HS2 would be extended north of Birmingham into through West Yorkshire toward York, with a spur taking the line into Leeds. Sie soll vom Londoner Bahnhof Euston nach Birmingham führen, sich dort in Richtung Manchester und Leeds aufteilen und später bis nach Glasgow führen. [44][45][46][47][48], Following the conclusion of the Oakervee Review in early 2020, the government decided to proceed with legislation for the Western Leg of Phase 2b as a priority. Be connected to the West Midlands to Manchester in the foreseeable future, only... 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