She was Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) 100-yard-dash champion (1959–62). Rudolph died in 1994 when she was just 54 years old. She also made several media appearances, including the television game show To Tell the Truth and The Ed Sullivan Show. Wilma Rudolph, Self: ABC's Wide World of Sports. Born on June 23, 1940, in St. Bethlehem, Tennessee, Wilma Rudolph was a sickly child who had to wear a brace on her left leg. She was spotted by the track coach Ed Temple from Tennessee State. American athlete who won three gold medals at the 1960 Rome Olympics, winning the 100m, 200m, and 4 x 100m relay, becoming the first American woman to take home three gold medals in track and field at a single Games. She lost the race, but it gave her encouragement to continue competing. Rudolph, an African-American, won the 100 meter dash and the 200 meter dash and anchored the winning 400 meter relay team. I believe in me more than anything in … At age 16 she competed in the 1956 Olympic Games at Melbourne, Australia, winning a bronze medal in the 4 × 100-metre relay race. Wilma Rudolph was a Olympian who participated in several events in track and field during the 1956 and 1960 Olympics. She enrolled at Tennessee State University where she continued to compete in track. Birthday: June 23, 1940 Date of Death: November 12, 1994 Age at Death: 54. At High School, she began competing in track, and in her sophomore year scored 803 points, setting a school record for girls’ basketball. She recovered, but wore a brace on her left leg and foot (which had become twisted as a result) until she was nine. She was named to the National Track & Field Hall of Fame in 1974, the International Sports Hall of Fame in 1980, and the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1983, in the first group of inductees. Rudolph contracted infantile paralysis (caused by the polio virus) at age four. Her cousins and siblings helped her massage the leg. Rudolph and her mother made weekly trips to Nashville for her treatments, and she received at-home massage treatments from her family members. Rudolph’s diagnosis was very bleak, “my doctor told me I would never walk again. Later in life, she formed the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to promote amateur athletics. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960. They later had three more children. She was a sickly child who had to wear a brace on her left leg. Meet Wilma Rudolph, the remarkable sprinter and Olympic champion. Born on June 23, 1940, in St. Bethlehem, Tennessee, Wilma Rudolph was a sickly child who had to wear a brace on her left leg. Wilma was 54 years old at the time of death. She was the 20th child of her father’s 22 children from two marriages. Wilma Rudolph was born in St. Bethelem, a part of Clarksville, Tennessee, twentieth of twenty-two children of Ed and Blanche Rudolph. Her determination to compete, however, made her a star basketball player and sprinter during high school in Clarksville, Tennessee. Wilma Rudolph was born in 1940 in Bethlehem, Tennessee. She was born prematurely at 4.5 pounds and was the 20th of 22 siblings from her father’s two marriages. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He knew that she is a natural athlete. Wilma Rudolph was born prematurely at 4.5 lbs., the 20th of 22 siblings; her father Ed was a railway porter and her mother Blanche a maid. Later in life, she formed the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to promote … As a sophomore, Rudolph competed in the U.S. Olympic track and field team trials in Fort Worth and set the world record in the 200-meter race, which stood for eight years. Wilma passed away on month day 1992, at age 52. Rudolph began playing basketball in 8th grade and continued to play at high school. As soon as she could walk, she was running and jumping. When she turned 11 she visited the doctor's office again and was able to walk. Shortly after her mother’s death in 1994, Rudolph was diagnosed with brain cancer. She continued to train regularly under Temple and was raced in several amateur athletic events with TSU’s Women’s track team. 1940. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When she was 4 years old, she had polio. She retired from track competition when she was 22 years old. https://www.biography.com › video › wilma-rudolph-mini-biography-208646211… In 1947, she began attending Clarksville all-black Burt High School, where she began playing basketball and ran track. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American sprinter from Clarksville, Tennessee, who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track and field following her successes in the 1956 and 1960 Olympic Games. Coronavirus Update. Many people in her small town in Tennessee didn’t think such a tiny baby would live to see her first birthday, especially in a home with no electricity or running water. Rudolph survived bouts of polio and scarlet fever. Wilma Rudolph - Biography . The couple divorced in 1963. Born in 1940 #18. Wilma Rudolph born born in Bethlehem, Tennessee Jun 15, 1945. When she was born, she weighed only four and a half pounds. During the Olympics, she was hailed as “The Tornado, the fastest woman on earth.” After the event, she became an international star. When Rudolph was 16 years old, she attended the 1956 U.S. Olympic track and field trials in Seattle, Washington. He was a member of the North Carolina College Durham track team. She also competed at the Los Angeles Invitational indoor track meet, and New York Athletic Club’s track events. She survived it, but lost the use of her left leg. Olympic Gold Medalist 1940-1994. After her birth, the family moved to Clarksville, Tennessee where she spent the rest of her childhood and attended elementary and high school. He knew that she is a natural athlete. Wilma lived on month day 1994, at address. One day, Wilma suddenly began to have severe leg pain, after which his family took him to the hospital for treatment, where he … Dec 8, 1944. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. What is the world’s oldest annual marathon? Cancer Runner #1. They had 2 children. She also had scarlet fever and contracted infantile paralysis from poliovirus when she was four. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940 in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee. After retiring as a runner, Rudolph was an assistant director for a youth foundation in Chicago during the 1960s to develop girls’ track-and-field teams, and thereafter she promoted running nationally. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American track and field sprinter, who competed in the 100 and 200 meters dash. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. American sprinter Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940, in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee. After retiring, she continued her education at Tennessee State. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Corrections? Wilma Rudolph sprinted to three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, becoming the first woman from the United States to win three golds in one Olympics. June 23, She attended Tennessee State University from 1957 to 1961. As one of 22 children, she was constantly surrounded by support and care, which she needed given her poor health. In the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Rudolph became the first American woman … In 1960, before the Olympic Games at Rome, she set a world record of 22.9 seconds for the 200-metre race. Before she was also diagnosed with throat cancer. Her mother, Blanche, a housemaid, feared for Wilma's survival from the outset. Wilma was the fifth of this second set of children. Her father Ed was a railway porter, who died in 1961. “‘I can’t’ are two words that have never been in my vocabulary. Wilma married Dieter Rudolph. She, along her relay teammates, won the bronze medal. She lost the race, but it gave her … Go for the gold in this track and field quiz. But Wilma persisted with treatment, and she recovered her strength by the age of 12. She was spotted by the track coach Ed Temple from Tennessee State. Wilma Rudolph, the iconic Olympic sprinter, was born June 23, 1940, in St. Bethlehem. Wilma Rudolph was born in 1940 in a poor home in Tennessee, USA. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. She had to wear a leg brace until she was eight years old. Her first major track event was Alabama’s Tuskegee Institute competitions. She worked at the Cobb Elementary School and coached in Burt High School. Temple invited Rudolph to join the Tennessee State summer training program after she won the Amateur Athletic Union’s track meets all nine events. But Wilma surprised them all. She also qualified for the 100-meter race. Rudolph won the U.S.-Soviet meet at Stanford University in 100-meter and 4x100 relay races. Early Life Rudolph was born prematurely on June 23, 1940, in … First Name Wilma #1. During her senior year of high school, Rudolph became pregnant and her first child Yolanda was born in 1958. Wilma Luise Rudolph (born Dobler) was born on month day 1940, at birth place. Her illness forced her to wear a brace on her leg. Rudolph and Eldridge were married for 17 years until they divorced. Astrological portrait of Wilma Rudolph (excerpt) Disclaimer: these short excerpts of astrological charts are computer processed. She overcame her disabilities to compete in the 1956 Summer Olympic Games, and in 1960, she became the first American woman to win three gold medals in … His mother used to work from house to house while father used to work as coolie. Her first major track event was Alabama’s Tuskegee Institute competitions. She contracted polio in her early years and her doctors said she would never walk again. Her strikingly fluid style made Rudolph a particular favourite with spectators and journalists. She recovered from polio but lost strength in her left leg and foot. After this, she set her mind on winning the gold medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Italy. In 1981, she established the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to train young athletes. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960. Wilma Rudolph, in full Wilma Glodean Rudolph, (born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, near Clarksville, Tennessee, U.S.—died November 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tennessee), American sprinter, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics. Wilma Rudolph. Wilma Rudolph was born in 1940. She explained that she wanted to retire while at her athletic best and decided not to compete in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. Her father, Ed Rudolph, had eleven children by a first marriage while his second marriage yielded eight more, of which Wilma was the fifth. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 - November 12, 1994) was an American track and field sprinter, who competed in the 100 and 200 meters dash. She was born prematurely weighting just 2 kg in the poor, racially segregated South state. She was the 5th. She won the gold medal in each of these events, becoming the first American woman to win three gold medals in a single Olympiad. Celebrities and Notable People Who Have Had Coronavirus. She graduated university in 1963, with a bachelor’s degree in education. Wilma Rudolph was born at Clarksville ,Tennessee in June 23, 1940. This principle is valid for the 59,485 celebrities included in our database. She became the youngest member of 1956 U.S. Olympic team. Runner #7. Her father, Ed, worked as a railroad porter while her mother, Blanche, worked as a maid. Rudolph, an African-American, won the 100 meter dash and the 200 meter dash and anchored the winning 400 meter relay team. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who was the first athlete to run the mile in less than 4 minutes? At High School, she began competing in track, and in her sophomore year scored 803 points, setting a school record for girls’ basketball. She overcame her disabilities to compete in the 1956 Summer Olympic Games, and in 1960, she became the first American woman to win three gold medals in track and field at a single Olympics. After graduation, Rudolph married Robert Eldridge, her high school sweetheart, with whom she already had a daughter. Wilma Rudolph, in full Wilma Glodean Rudolph, (born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, near Clarksville, Tennessee, U.S.—died November 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tennessee), American sprinter, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics. After her retirement from track, Rudolph began working as a teacher and coach. Her mother was a maid in Clarksville. In the Games themselves she won gold medals in the 100-metre dash (tying the world record: 11.3 seconds), in the 200-metre dash, and as a member of the 4 × 100-metre relay team, which had set a world record of 44.4 seconds in a semifinal race. Her autobiography, Wilma, was published in 1977. Wilma Rudolph was an American sprinter who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track. Born on June 23 #39. Before Fame. Rudolph’s first marriage was to William Ward in 1961. The 20th of 22 children, she arrived prematurely, weighing only four and a half pounds. Wilma Rudolph was an exceptional American track and field athlete who overcame debilitating childhood illnesses and went on to become the first American woman to win three gold medals in a single Olympics. In the 1960 Summer Olympic games in Rome, Italy, Rudolph competed in three events- the 100 meter, 200-meter sprints and the 4x100 meter relay. She was working with the Job Corps program in Boston. Rudolph was sickly as a child and could not walk without an orthopedic shoe until she was 11 years old. Wilma Rudolph: Wilma Rudolph was considered the fastest woman alive during her racing days. She was a premature baby and back then most premature babies didn't survive and she was not even 5 pounds as a newborn.She was often sick as a child with mumps, chicken pox, and coughs. Her father, Ed Rudolph, had eleven children by an earlier marriage, and had eight more with Wilma's mother, Blanche Rudolph. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 - November 12, 1994) was an American track and field sprinter, who competed in the 100 and 200 meters dash. In 1959, Rudolph won the silver medal in the 100 m individual event at the Pan American Games in Chicago, Illinois and the gold medal in the 4x 100m relay. She won the AAU’s 1961 Sullivan Award as the year’s outstanding amateur athlete. Later, Rudolph served as the U.S. State Department goodwill ambassador in West Africa and visited Ghana Guinea, Mali, and Upper Volta, where she attended several sporting events. Wilma Rudolph (born June 23, 1940) is an American athlete. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960. Due to her illness, she was initially homeschooled. In 1983, she was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame. She lived in Clarksville, Tennessee along with 11 siblings. About . Wilma Rudolph is one such person who, despite being a Divyang, changed the word impossible to be possible. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American track and … Rudolphbegan playing basketball in 8th grade and continued to play at high school. Almost every circumstance was stacked against Wilma Rudolph from the day she was born on June 23, 1940. Rudolph was born into a large family, being the 20 th of her father’s 22 children. She moved several times and lived in Indiana, Saint Louis, Missouri, and Detroit. Dieter was born on July 5 1937, in Semmelsberg, Meißen, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born June 23, 1940, in Bethlehem, Tennessee, to a poor and very large family. She qualified to compete in the 200-meter individual event at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. Wilma Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940 and died on November 12, 1994. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee on June 23, 1940. Updates? In 1973, Rudolph was inducted into the Black Sports Hall of Fame, and the following year in the U.S. National Track and Field Hall of Fame. At the Olympic games, Rudolph was defeated with the heat in the 200-meter race but ran the third leg of the 4x100 m relay. At birth she weighed only four-and-a-half pounds. Wilma Rudolph, American sprinter, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics, was born prematurely at 4.5 pounds (2.0 kg) on June 23, 1940, in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee (now part of Clarksville, TN). Rudolph and her Olympic teammates competed in several events in Europe after the Olympic games, including the British Empire Games in London and meets in West Germany and the Netherlands. Wilma was born into a family with 22 brothers and sisters, in the segregated South. In 1977, she published her autobiography Wilma: The Story of Wilma Rudolph. By the time she was twelve, Rudolph had learned to walk without the leg brace or other support. In 1987 she became the DePauw University director of women’s track program. Besides her work as a teacher, Rudolph also worked with several non-profit organization and in government-sponsored projects to support athletic development among American children. As a child, Rudolph had poor health, and she often suffered from pneumonia. Wilma Rudolph sprinted to three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, becoming the first woman from the United States to win three golds in one Olympics. Omissions? Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940 in a region of Tennessee known, at the time, as St. Bethlehem, which later became a part of Clarksville. They are, by no means, of a personal nature. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Wilma-Rudolph, BlackHistoryNow - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, BlackPast.org - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, USA Track and Field - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Wilma Rudolph and the TSU Tigerbelles, African American Registry - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, National Women's History Museum - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, Wilma Rudolph - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Wilma Rudolph - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Treatments from her family members her family members care, which she needed given poor!, changed the word impossible to be possible College Durham track team U.S.-Soviet meet at University... The word impossible to be possible, feared for wilma 's survival from the outset as could... 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