In the late 18th century, the blue uniform became a symbol of liberty and revolution. Blue gradually returned to court fashion in the 17th century, as part of a palette of peacock-bright colours shown off in extremely elaborate costumes. The blue necktie of former British Prime Minister David Cameron represented his Conservative Party. The Asian Football Confederation, Oceania Football Confederation and CONCACAF (the governing body of football in North and Central America and the Caribbean) use blue text on their logos. He wrote of cobalt blue, "there is nothing so beautiful for putting atmosphere around things.". It became especially popular in the 17th century, when ultramarine was difficult to obtain. Napoleon Bonaparte abandoned many of the doctrines of the French Revolution but he kept blue as the uniform colour for his army, although he had great difficulty obtaining the blue dye, since the British held naval control in the Atlantic and blocked the importation of indigo to France. Wheatfield Under Thunderclouds (July 1890), one of the last paintings by Vincent van Gogh. Looking for online definition of BLUE or what BLUE stands for? Cobalt blue, a pigment of cobalt oxide-aluminium oxide, was a favourite of Auguste Renoir and Vincent van Gogh. Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski. Vishnu, the supreme god of Hinduism, is often portrayed as being blue, or more precisely having skin the colour of rain-filled clouds. Figure of a servant from the tomb of King Seth I (1244–1279 BC). The colours brighten each other. Synonyms & Antonyms of blue (Entry 1 of 2) 1 depicting or referring to sexual matters in a way that is unacceptable in polite society was shocked at the blue banter on that satellite-radio talk show Natural dyes to colour cloth and tapestries were made from plants. Let go of your old texting routine and introduce the much needed pizzazz into your text styles by using cool fonts, symbols and letters. ), Chase, W.T. For other uses, see, Primary colour between purple and green in the spectrum, In the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic World, statement by Hans Eiberg from the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine at the. In the 1960s, the name was adopted into the proprietary Pantone Matching System (PMS) to refer to this specific pigment. Along with red, blue is the most commonly used non-white colours for teams. In Italy, the dyeing of blue was assigned to a specific guild, the tintori di guado, and could not be done by anyone else without severe penalty. The Virgin Mary's azurite blue robe has degraded into a greenish-black. Cited by Philip Ball, from, Wassily Kandinsky, M. T. Sadler (Translator). Thanks in part to the availability of indigo dye, the 18th century saw the widespread use of blue military uniforms. Blue also varies in shade or tint; darker shades of blue contain black or grey, while lighter tints contain white. blue-chip definition: 1. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [52] Titian created his rich blues by using many thin glazes of paint of different blues and violets which allowed the light to pass through, which made a complex and luminous colour, like stained glass. Under the sea, red and other light with longer wavelengths is absorbed, so white objects appear blue. The term was originally applied to the 17th-century laws of the theocratic New Haven colony; they were called “blue laws” after the blue paper on which they were printed. [29] Importing lapis lazuli by caravan across the desert from Afghanistan to Egypt was very expensive. I'm sorry, I'm just feeling a bit blue after getting back my exam results. By 1710 it was being used by the French painter Antoine Watteau, and later his successor Nicolas Lancret. [132], This article is about the colour. "[49] Good ultramarine was more expensive than gold; in 1508 the German painter Albrecht Dürer reported in a letter that he had paid twelve ducats – the equivalent of forty-one grams of gold – for just thirty grams of ultramarine. [4] The same surveys also showed that blue was the colour most associated with the masculine, just ahead of black, and was also the colour most associated with intelligence, knowledge, calm and concentration.[3]. The Umbrellas, by Pierre Auguste-Renoir. Blue water "the open ocean" is from 1822. Avail This new way of expressing your creativity. The prize was won in 1826 by a chemist named Jean Baptiste Guimet, but he refused to reveal the formula of his colour. In some phrases, such as blue murder, it appears to be merely intensive. The contract for the Madone des Harpies by Andrea del Sarto (1514) required that the robe of the Virgin Mary be coloured with ultramarine costing "at least five good florins an ounce. Most blues contain a slight mixture of other colours; azure contains some green, while ultramarine contains some violet. [48], Ultramarine was the most prestigious blue of the Renaissance, and patrons sometimes specified that it be used in paintings they commissioned. A painting by William Hogarth from 1854 shows a polling station with the blue flag of the Tory party and the orange flag of the Whigs. In addition, in-depth study tools are provided on the site with access to commentaries, encyclopedias, dictionaries, … According to Vitruvius, they made dark blue pigment from indigo, and imported Egyptian blue pigment. The color blue might bring thoughts of first-place blue ribbons or police officers in blue uniforms, and it … Isaac Newton included blue as one of the seven colours in his first description the visible spectrum. Blue eyes are most common in Ireland, the Baltic Sea area and Northern Europe,[19] and are also found in Eastern, Central, and Southern Europe. It was made from the plant Crozophora tinctoria, which grew in the south of France. [13], The farther away an object is, the more blue it often appears to the eye. [35] The Greeks imported indigo dye from India, calling it indikon. In the mid-20th century, blue passed black as the most common colour of men's business suits, the costume usually worn by political and business leaders. For their uniforms they chose blue and buff, the colours of the Whig Party, the opposition party in England, whose policies were supported by George Washington and many other patriots in the American colonies. The indigo stains their skin blue; they were known by early visitors as "the blue men" of the desert. From the Renaissance onwards, painters used this system to create their colours. Public opinion polls in the United States and Europe showed that blue was the favourite colour of over fifty per cent of respondents. Find more ways to say blue-green, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. [76], Monet and the impressionists were among the first to observe that shadows were full of colour. A team from Toronto, Ontario are nicknamed the Blue Jays. [66], In France the Gardes Françaises, the elite regiment which protected Louis XVI, wore dark blue uniforms with red trim. In 1737 both the French and German governments finally allowed the use of indigo. Because blue has commonly been associated with harmony, it was chosen as the colour of the flags of the United Nations and the European Union. It was often used in tomb paintings and funereal objects to protect the dead in their afterlife. It is the meaning in black and blue, and blue in the face "livid with effort" (1864, earlier black and blue in the face, 1829). 2. Brummel created a suit that closely fitted the human form. In Thailand, blue is associated with Friday on the. Beau Brummel introduced the ancestor of the modern blue suit, shaped to the body. Blue was used as a background colour representing the sky in the magnificent mosaics which decorated Byzantine churches.[39]. [25] Reds, blacks, browns, and ochres are found in cave paintings from the Upper Paleolithic period, but not blue. It was very stable but extremely expensive. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. [24] Blue gas lasers are also still commonly used for holography, DNA sequencing, optical pumping, and other scientific and medical applications. Blue continued to be the colour of the field uniform of the US Army until 1902, and is still the colour of the dress uniform. Another word for blue. Giotto was one of the first Italian Renaissance painters to use ultramarine, here in the murals of the Arena Chapel in Padua (circa 1305). Fly By II (Remix) One Love. What I got to do to be heard? It was particularly used in funeral statuary and figurines and in tomb paintings. Mural in the bedroom of the villa of Fannius Synestor in Boscoreale, (50–40 BC) in the Metropolitan Museum. The Meanings of Blue Blue is the favorite color of all people. Other famous white and blue patterns appeared in Delft, Meissen, Staffordshire, and Saint Petersburg, Russia. Blue became a colour worn by domestics and artisans, not just nobles. Blue became the colour of holiness, virtue and humility. It was the most expensive pigment of Renaissance. Beginning in the 14th century, this type of porcelain was exported in large quantity to Europe where it inspired a whole style of art, called Chinoiserie. pp. In this painting of The Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints an early work by Raphael in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the blue cloak of the Virgin Mary has turned a green-black. In Japanese, the word for blue (青 ao) is often used for colours that English speakers would refer to as green, such as the colour of a traffic signal meaning "go". Another word for blue-green. [76], Another important influence on painting in the 19th century was the theory of complementary colours, developed by the French chemist Michel Eugene Chevreul in 1828 and published in 1839. Former NBA player Theodore Edwards was nicknamed "Blue". Dov Michaeli April 4, 2020 At 3:18 pm. In Byzantine art Christ and the Virgin Mary usually wore dark blue or purple. Find more Japanese words at! Widely imitated, this style of men's fashion became almost a uniform of the London merchant class and the English country gentleman. [17][18] The irises of the eyes of people with blue eyes contain less dark melanin than those of people with brown eyes, which means that they absorb less short-wavelength blue light, which is instead reflected out to the viewer. [7] Colour names often developed individually in natural languages, typically beginning with black and white (or dark and light), and then adding red, and only much later – usually as the last main category of colour accepted in a language – adding the colour blue, probably when blue pigments could be manufactured reliably in the culture using that language.[7]. In the US, boys are 3–5 per cent more likely to have blue eyes than girls.[19]. Dark blue became a common colour for military uniforms and later, in the late 20th century, for business suits. The same PIE root yielded Latin flavus "yellow," Old Spanish blavo "yellowish-gray," Greek phalos "white," Welsh blawr "gray," showing the slipperiness of definition in Indo-European color-words. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French bleu, ultimately of Germanic origin and related to Old English blǣwen ‘blue’ and Old Norse blár ‘dark blue’. It is co-produced by Jonathan Bird Productions and the non-profit organization Oceanic Research Group. Alessandro Bongioanni & Maria Croce (ed. Mytyl and her brother Tyltyl, a woodchopper's children, are led by the Fairy Berylune on a magical trip through the past, present, and future to locate the Blue Bird of Happiness. Join our millions of annual website users who choose to dig deeper into God’s Word with Blue Letter Bible! The Bhaisajyaguru, or "Medicine Master of Lapis Lazuli Light", is the Buddha of healing and medicine in Mahayana Buddhism. Renoir used cobalt blue for right side of the picture, but used the new synthetic ultramarine introduced in the 1870s, when he added two figures to left of the picture a few years later. Notre Dame de la Belle Verrière window, Chartres Cathedral. An example is the robe of the Virgin Mary in The Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints by Raphael in the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Blue whale attested from 1851, so called for its color. What do I say when it's all over? In Russia, the symbolist painter Pavel Kuznetsov and the Blue Rose art group (1906–1908) used blue to create a fantastic and exotic atmosphere. Blue cheese is from 1862. In Catholicism, blue became the traditional colour of the robes of the Virgin Mary in the 13th century. In reference to a particular party which has chosen blue for its color, by 1835. The team in St. Louis is primarily nicknamed after the eponymous music genre. Metropolitan Police officers in Soho, London (2007). The Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry was the most important illuminated manuscript of the 15th century. The baseball team the Los Angeles Dodgers developed its own blue, called Dodger blue, and several American universities invented new blues for their colours. Blue stripes on a traditional Jewish tallit. Blue became the colour of the revolutionary armies, opposed to the white uniforms of the Royalists and the Austrians.[67]. The Imperial Porcelain Factory in Saint Petersburg was founded in 1744. It helps with healing, psychic ability, harmony, and understanding. A map of the US showing the blue states, which voted for the Democratic candidate in all the last four Presidential elections, and the red states, which voted for the Republican. Later, printers discovered that more accurate colours could be created by using combinations of magenta, cyan, yellow and black ink, put onto separate inked plates and then overlaid one at a time onto paper. Sixteen other teams either regularly feature blue hats or utilise the colour in their uniforms. In English-speaking countries, the colour blue is sometimes associated with the, The colour blue is typically associated with, This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 13:48. [26] The earliest known blue dyes were made from plants – woad in Europe, indigo in Asia and Africa, while blue pigments were made from minerals, usually either lapis lazuli or azurite. Pastoureau, M., & Cruse, M. I. [72], In 1824 the Societé pour l'Encouragement d'Industrie in France offered a prize for the invention of an artificial ultramarine which could rival the natural colour made from lapis lazuli. Blue whale, (Balaenoptera musculus), also called sulfur-bottom whale, the most massive animal ever to have lived, a species of baleen whale that weighs approximately 150 tons and may attain a length of more than 30 metres (98 feet). Julius Caesar reported that the Celts and Germans dyed their faces blue to frighten their enemies, and tinted their hair blue when they grew old. With the dawn of the World Wide Web, blue has become the standard colour for hyperlinks in graphic browsers (in most browsers, links turn purple after visiting their target), to make their presence within text obvious to readers. Blue pigments were originally made from minerals such as lapis lazuli, cobalt and azurite, and blue dyes were made from plants; usually woad in Europe, and Indigofera tinctoria, or true indigo, in Asia and Africa. It was extremely expensive, and in Italian Renaissance art, it was often reserved for the robes of the Virgin Mary. The manufacture of this dye ended the trade in indigo from America and India that had begun in the 15th century. Find more ways to say blue, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Two neighbouring countries with two World Cup victories each, Argentina and Uruguay wear a light blue shirt, the former with white stripes. [50], Often painters or clients saved money by using less expensive blues, such as azurite smalt, or pigments made with indigo, but this sometimes caused problems. It made a rich blue, but was unstable and could turn dark green over time. Lapis lazuli, mined in Afghanistan for more than three thousand years, was used for jewellery and ornaments, and later was crushed and powdered and used as a pigment. A synthetic indigo dye factory in Germany in 1890. This is from PIE *bhle-was "light-colored, blue, blond, yellow," from root *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn," also "shining white" and forming words for bright colors. When Brandenburg became the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701, blue became the uniform colour of the Prussian Army. A cobalt blue sky, and cobalt or ultramarine water. [69], The New York City Police Department, modelled after the London Metropolitan Police, was created in 1844, and in 1853, they were officially given a navy blue uniform, the colour they wear today.[70]. Thirteen NFL teams prominently feature the colour. Egyptian blue goblet from Mesopotamia, 1500–1300 BC. In the Islamic world, blue was of secondary importance to green, believed to be the favourite colour of the Prophet Mohammed. In 1778 the Congress asked George Washington to design a new uniform, and in 1779 Washington made the official colour of all uniforms blue and buff. To test whether that meant they couldn't actually see blue, he showed members of the tribe a circle with 11 green squares and one obviously blue square. It's sad, so sad It's a sad, sad situation. On a colour wheel based on traditional colour theory (RYB) where blue was considered a primary colour, its complementary colour is considered to be orange (based on the Munsell colour wheel).[9]. Figurative meaning "sad, sorrowful, afflicted with low spirits" is from c. 1400, perhaps from the "livid" sense and implying a bruised heart or feelings. The Greek word for dark blue, kyaneos, could also mean dark green, violet, black or brown. This product gradually replaced natural indigo, and after the end of the First World War, it brought an end to the trade of indigo from the East and West Indies. This is Zwei Pferde für Münster (Two horses for Münster), a neon sculpture by Stephan Huber (2002), in Munster, Germany. In the 19th century the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell found a new way of explaining colours, by the wavelength of their light. He traditionally holds a lapis lazuli jar of medicine. In the years that followed even more elegant blue stained glass windows were installed in other churches, including at Chartres Cathedral and Sainte-Chapelle in Paris.[41]. Detail of the windows at Sainte-Chapelle (1250). CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. 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